Tibetan Buddhism

( chinadaily.com.cn )

Updated: 2011-06-29

The Mosuo people living around Lugu Lake in Yongning in Yunnan province, and in Muli and Yanyuan in Sichuan province, lived together with the Tibetans as early as in Tang Dynasty (618-907). They were highly affected by the Tibetan culture. Historical documents showed the residences of the Mosuo around Lugu Lake (the Yongning of Yunnan province and Yanyuan and Zuosuo of Sichuan province) were considered residential district of Tubo, a Tibetan regime in ancient China.

Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism was introduced to the settlements of the Mosuo and Pumi ethnic groups in Yongning, Langqu, Muli and Yanyuan during the late Song Dynasty and early Yuan Dynasty through Batang and Litang of Sichuan province. The Sakya sect and Kagyu sect were the earliest to enter the region. During the Yuan and Ming dynasties, the Sakya sect dominated the Mosuo and Pumi ethnic groups. The earliest established monastery was Zhebo Sakya Monastery in Yongning. The Sakya sect, also known as the multiple-colored sect, was founded by Konchog Gyalpo in the 11th century. The walls of the sect’s monasteries were painted with red, white and grey colors. During the late Yuan and early Qing dynasties, the Gelugpa sector (Yellow Sect) was preached in Yongning. The Gelugpa sect rose in the early 15th century, on the basis of reforms led by Tsongkhapa. It was referred to as the Yellow sect because the monks wore yellow hats.

Tibetan Buddhism

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