Introduction

Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country. The capital of the province is Kunming. The province borders Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam.

History

The Yuanmou Man, a Homo erectus fossil unearthed by railway engineers in the 1960s, has been declared as oldest known hominid fossil in China.

Geography

Yunnan is the most southwestern province in China, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its southern section.

Agriculture

Yunnan province maintains a strong agricultural focus. Agriculture is restricted to the few upland plains, open valleys, and terraced hillsides.

Language

Most dialects of the Chinese language spoken in Yunnan belong to the southwestern subdivision of the Mandarin group, and are therefore very similar to the dialects of neighbouring Sichuan and Guizhou provinces.

Economic and Technological Development Zones

The Kunming High-tech Industrial Development Zone (KMHNZ) is a state-level, high-tech industrial zone established in 1992 in Northwest Kunming, Yunnan province, China

Literacy

By the end of 1998, among the province's population, 419,800 had received college or higher education, with 2.11 million getting senior middle school education, 8.3 million junior middle school education, 18.25 million primary school education, and 8.25 million aged 15 or above illiterate or semi-literate.

Ethnicity

Yunnan is recognized for its ethnic diversity. It has the highest number of ethnic groups among all provinces and autonomous regions in China.

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